America's Last Medicine-Show Performer Tommy Scott Dies At 96

Tommy Scott

Ramblin’ Tommy Scott


Ramblin’ Tommy Scott, billed as America’s last medicine-show performer, was buried on Friday, Oct. 4, in his hometown of Toccoa, Ga.
The 96-year-old Scott died on Sept. 30 as a result of injuries he sustained in an automobile accident on Aug. 10. He was a singer, songwriter, ventriloquist, comic, actor and show business entrepreneur.
He began his career on local radio in Georgia in 1933. When a medicine-show wagon stopped in Toccoa in 1936, Scott jumped aboard. It was a show that had been launched in 1890 by “Doc” M.F. Chamberlain. When Chamberlain retired, he turned the enterprise and its medicinal formulas over to Scott.
Using music and comedy, Scott sold the liniment Snake Oil, the tonic Vim Herb and the laxatives Herb-O-Lac and Man-O-Ree for decades.
Tommy Scott moved to North Carolina in 1938 to perform on WPTF radio in Raleigh. On WWVA in Wheeling, WV he was billed as“Rambling Scotty” when he fronted Charlie Monroe’s band The Kentucky Pardners. He moved to WSM and its Grand Ole Opry in 1940.
Back in Georgia, Scott became a country TV pioneer with the production of The Ramblin’ Tommy Scott Show in 1948. He later had the syndicated television series Smokey Mountain Jamboree.
In 1949, Scott starred in the movie Trail of the Hawk. Other films he appeared in include Mountain Capers, Hillbilly Harmony and Southern Hayride.
Tommy Scott recorded for such labels as King, Rich-R-Tone, Macy and Four Star. In the 1940s, he founded his own Katona Records company.
During his career, he wrote more than 500 songs, including the bluegrass favorite “You Are the Rainbow of My Dreams.” His most successful song was “Rosebuds and You.” It became a regional success for him in 1950, and was also recorded by George Morgan,The Willis Brothers and Red Sovine. Fiddler/singer Benny Martin had a country hit with the song when he revived it in 1963.
In the 1970s, Scott began billing himself as “Doc” and reemphasizing his medicine-show roots. He marketed a TV album and was featured by such national broadcasters as Walter Cronkite, Charles Kuralt, Ralph Emery, Oprah Winfrey and David Letterman. Scott made multiple appearances on The Today Show and Entertainment Tonight. He brought his show to Nashville’s Fan Fair celebration in 1977.
Over the years, “Doc Scott’s Last Real Old Time Medicine Show” featured such stars as Stringbean, Curley Seckler, Carolina Cotton, Johnny Mack Brown, Ray Whitley and Randall Franks. Franks directed a 2001 PBS special about Scott’s life titled Still Ramblin.’ He also co-wrote Scott’s 2007 autobiography Snake Oil, Superstars and Me.
Ramblin’ Tommy Scott is a member of the Atlanta Country Music Hall of Fame. He was pre-deceased by his wife and co-star Mary Frank “Frankie” Thomas Scott. He is survived by daughter Sandra Scott Whitworth, sister Cleo Scott Cheek, nephew Benny Cheek, granddaughter Pam Lawson and great-grandchildren Craig and Corey Lawson.

Industry Ink (10-4-13)

Country performer Carrie Zaruba visited the Country Music Association offices to officially become the organization’s newest member. Zaruba’s latest single is “Woman On A Mission.” “I absolutely love everything about country music,” said Zaruba. “I’m thrilled to become a CMA member. I had a blast!”

carrie zaruba1

Pictured (L-R): Brandi Simms, Director of Membership & Balloting; Carrie Zaruba; Brenden Oliver, Coordinator of Membership & Balloting. (Photo: Christian Botorff, CMA)

• • •

The Academy of Country Music welcomed Arista Nashville recording artists The Henningsens to the office while they were in Los Angeles last month. While at the Academy, the trio performed their Top 15 debut hit “American Beautiful” as well as their current single, “I Miss You.”

Pictured (L-R): Aaron Henningsen; Tiffany Moon, ACM Executive Vice President/Managing Director; Clara Henningsen; Brian Henningsen; Bob Romeo, ACM CEO. Photo: Michel Bourquard/Courtesy of the Academy of Country Music.

Pictured (L-R): Aaron Henningsen; Tiffany Moon, ACM Executive Vice President/Managing Director; Clara Henningsen; Brian Henningsen; Bob Romeo, ACM CEO. Photo: Michel Bourquard/Courtesy of the Academy of Country Music.

 • • •

Inside the Johnny Cash Museum.

Inside the Johnny Cash Museum.


 The Johnny Cash Museum has landed at the top of both the Forbes and National Geographic must-see travel destinations lists. Forbes recently released a list of the Top 5 “Must-See” Nashville destinations, with The Johnny Cash Museum in the top slot. National Geographic published a list of the worldwide top four “Pitch Perfect Museums,” museums dedicated to a single musician. The Johnny Cash Museum earned the top placing, beating out the ABBA museum in Stockholm and the Kalakuta museum in Nigeria.
“It’s a great honor to receive the ongoing positive comments and rankings from top publications and organizations,” said founder Bill Miller. “It’s a tribute to and validation of Johnny Cash’s continuing popularity and our ability to honor him with a top notch venue in an amazing city.”

IBMA's World of Bluegrass Week Has $10 Million Impact

ibmaThe 2013 International Bluegrass Music Association’s (IBMA) World of Bluegrass, held Sept. 24-28, 2013 in Raleigh, N.C., generated an estimated $10 million in direct visitor spending for Raleigh and Wake County, according to the Greater Raleigh Convention and Visitors Bureau (GRCVB).
The $10 million estimate does not include local spending, nor does it include a multiplier of indirect or induced impacts.
The World of Bluegrass Week included the four-day IBMA Business Conference, the International Bluegrass Music Awards Show, Bluegrass Ramble and the two-day Wide Open Bluegrass Street Fest, which partnered with the N.C. Whole Hog Barbecue State Championships.
The events brought approximately 84,000 visitors from outside of Wake County to the area.
“To say that Raleigh ‘rolled out the red carpet for us’ is a bit of an understatement. It’s probably more accurate to say that they rolled out the carpet, bought new furniture, and built a new home for us. The work of the GRCVB, the Raleigh Convention Center staff, all the host hotels, city and regional government, the United Arts Council and a hard-working local organizing committee was evident in a number of ways great and small,” said Nancy Cardwell, executive director of IBMA.

Nashville Music Community Comes Together For Seneff Benefit

Joel Seneff

Joel Seneff


Phil Keaggy, Petra, Kenny Marks, Rick Cua, Michael Omartian, Gordon Kennedy, and many other members of the Christian music community are coming together to perform at a benefit for Christian music attorney Greg Seneff and his wife Cheryl, who lost their 24-year-old son Joel in a tragic motorcycle accident in July.
“Sene-fit”–A Concert Of Love For The Seneffs will take place at 7 p.m. CT on Oct. 29 at Belmont Church on Music Row. Proceeds from the upcoming concert will go toward expenses associated with Seneff Jr.’s accident and funeral.
“Greg Seneff is a most beloved member of the Christian music community,” says concert promoter Brian Mason. “He has given selflessly of himself to so many. This opportunity to bless him and his wife is just a small token of how much we love Greg and his family.”
Tickets for the benefit go on sale Friday (Oct. 4) and are $20 for adults, $10 for children. Tickets will be available at the door or can be purchased online at brianmason.com/sene-fit.htm.

'MusicRow' No. 1 Song

blake-shelton1featured

Blake Shelton


Warner Bros. Records artist Blake Shelton lands at this week’s MusicRow CountryBreakout Chart No. 1 spot with “Mine Would Be You.”
The reigning CMA Entertainer of the Year sits atop the chart thanks to Canadian singer-songwriter Deric Ruttan and 2013 MusicRow Song of the Year award winners Connie Harrington and Jessi Alexander, who penned the title.
As one of the few ballads we’ve seen take the No. 1 title this summer, it has taken 17 weeks for the title to migrate to the position. Not to mention, Shelton’s wife Miranda Lambert is storming up the charts behind him with her RCA single, “All Kinds of Kinds,” in the same amount of time.
Shelton can currently be seen on Season 5 of NBCs The Voice, which premiered Sept. 23 and coincides with the end of his Ten Times Crazier Tour this weekend (Oct. 5) in Wichita, Kan. In addition to those weekly primetime slots on NBC, Shelton is nominated for five trophies in November at this year’s CMA Awards on ABC, including Entertainer of the Year,
 Male Vocalist of the Year,
 Album of the Year, Musical Event of the Year and 
Video of the Year.
Shelton will appear on Nov. 22 as part of the 2013 George Jones Tribute Concert in Nashville, alongside a slew of additional guests who will honor the legend.

Jason Aldean To Hold "Concert For The Cure" Oct. 25

Jason Aldean will help The Opry celebrate its birthday.

Jason Aldean


Jason Aldean will help celebrate National Breast Cancer Awareness Month with his eighth annual “Concert for the Cure” concert, which will be held Fri., Oct. 25 in New Orleans at his sold out 2013 NIGHT TRAIN TOUR stop at the New Orleans Arena. Throughout the year, Aldean sets aside 50 cents of each concert ticket sold, then selects one show market in October and donates all proceeds to their local Susan G. Komen Affiliate.
“Last year the Komen New Orleans team needed a little over $1 million to meet all their needs, but they were only able to fund about half of that,” said Aldean. “If we raise the half a million that we did last year in Dallas we’ll be able to help these women meet their goal and provide the services the town needs. I can’t wait to see an arena full of pink in support of such a great cause!”
Aldean has three nominations at the upcoming Country Music Association awards on Nov. 6 in Nashville, including his third consecutive Entertainer of the Year nomination. He is also nominated for Male Vocalist of the Year and Musical Event of the Year (for “The Only Way I Know” feat. Luke Bryan and Eric Church).

Kix Brooks To Honor Touring Industry Stars At SRO Awards This Month

Kix Brooks

Kix Brooks


Kix Brooks will present the 2013 SRO Awards at the upcoming International Entertainment Buyers Association Honors and Award Dinner Oct. 22 during the 43rd Annual IEBA Conference, held Oct. 19-22 in Nashville. The dinner takes place at the newly-opened Omni Hotel and will honor outstanding achievements within the touring industry.
“The SRO Awards honor those that are the unsung heroes of the touring industry,” said Ed Hardy, CMA Board President. “From getting the artists to the venues, lighting the stages, making sure the sound is perfect, to keeping everyone nourished, these are the people that help make the concert business one of the most successful areas of our business.”
Nominees for this year’s SRO Awards are:
BUSINESS MANAGER OF THE YEAR
Jamie Cheek – Flood, Bumstead, McCready & McCarthy, Inc.
Duane Clark – Flood, Bumstead, McCready & McCarthy, Inc.
Dwight Wiles
 – Smith, Wiles Co., P.C.
COACH/TRUCK DRIVER OF THE YEAR
Kelley Beck – Blake Shelton
Caleb Garrett – Kenny Chesney
Tim Olson
 – Toby Keith
FOH (FRONT OF HOUSE) ENGINEER OF THE YEAR
Greg Huffman – Jake Owen
Jeff Parsons – Blake Shelton
David Payne – Taylor Swift
LIGHTING DIRECTOR OF THE YEAR
Trevor Ahlstrand – Martina McBride
Paul Normandale
 – Hunter Hayes
Steve Richards
 – Taylor Swift
MANAGER OF THE YEAR
Robert Allen – 13 Management
Narvel Blackstock
 – Starstruck Entertainment
Clint Higham – Morris Artists Management
TOUR MANAGER OF THE YEAR
Kevin Canady – Blake Shelton
Greg Fowler
 – Jake Owen
Erica Worden – Taylor Swift
MONITOR ENGINEER OF THE YEAR
Brad Baisley – Blake Shelton
Jordan Kolenc
 – Taylor Swift
Evan Richner
 – Jason Aldean
PRODUCTION MANAGER OF THE YEAR
Arthur Kemish – Taylor Swift
Meesha Kosciolek
 – Martina McBride
Art Rich
 – Blake Shelton
PUBLICIST OF THE YEAR
Paula Erickson – Erickson Public Relations
Mary Hilliard Harrington – The GreenRoom
Ebie McFarland – Essential Broadcast Media, LLC
TALENT AGENT OF THE YEAR
Rod Essig – Creative Artist Agency
Jay Williams
 – William Morris Endeavor Entertainment, LLC
Rob Beckham
 – William Morris Endeavor Entertainment, LLC
TALENT BUYER/PROMOTER OF THE YEAR
Louis Messina – The Messina Group
Brian O’Connell
 – Live Nation
Debra Rathwell – AEG Live
TOUR CATERER OF THE YEAR
Dega Catering
TaDa! Catering
TourCats Catering

TOURING MUSICIAN OF THE YEAR
David Cook – Taylor Swift – Keyboard
Robby Emerson
 – Jake Owen – Bass
Steve Sinatra
 – Hunter Hayes – Drums
VENUE OF THE YEAR
Bridgestone Arena – Nashville, Tenn.
Joe’s Bar
 – Chicago, Ill.
Ryman Auditorium – Nashville, Tenn.
TOUR VIDEO DIRECTOR OF THE YEAR
Jay Cooper – Kenny Chesney
Olivier Goulet
 – Taylor Swift
Michael Tinsley
 – Taylor Swift

Charlie Cook On Air: The Nielsen Numbers

Charlie Cook

Charlie Cook


If you have read this space at all over the last few years you know I am a defender of radio. My entire adult life has been spent working in radio, so I am obviously a believer in its pluses. I appreciate all of the other audio services and I use most of them at one time or another during a month. Nielsen Audio (the old Arbitron) recently released a RADAR study touting the strengths of radio. Some of the numbers are quite impressive.
Radio continues to be vital to Americans, as 92% of everyone in the country listens to radio each week. Google says 314 million people live in America. The 92% is a big number but the actual number of 289 million people listening to radio each week really puts it in context.
It is fashionable to believe this is not true with the younger listeners. Certainly they have abandoned radio for all of the other services. The numbers do not back up this assumption. Millennials- Persons 12-34 come in at 92%. Persons 35-49, referred to as Gen X deliver 95% and Baby Boomers (50-64) are at 94%. It is only the Silent Generations, persons 65+, that fail to deliver over 90%. The numbers stand up with African Americans (92%) and Hispanics (94%).
As a programmer I know attracting these numbers to radio is impressive but making sure they listen for long periods of time is the only way to create a business for our sales departments and for selling CDs and downloads on a music station. American radio listeners tune into for over 2 ½ hours per day.
I know these numbers are big and many of you may think they are not true because you and your friends don’t consume radio at these levels. You probably also don’t watch 34 hours of TV a week either. But that is the number, also reported by Nielsen. Next to the NSA, Nielsen knows more about Americans than we want.
The other day I was watching the Tigers on MLB.com, listening to the Lions on Sirius and reading the Wall Street Journal. All at the same time. I wonder why I live alone? We have a capacity to do more than one thing at a time and one of the benefits of radio is being able to multi-task.
I have nothing against Pandora, Spotify and all of the rest. But it is radio that delivers for its partners. When it comes to quick service restaurants, convenience stores and clothing stores radio, over 90% of radio listeners visit these shops, and often right after hearing one of their commercials. This according to a Scarborough USA+ reports of persons age 18+.
The other services are not set up to quantify their consumers, though they certainly can measure tune in and usage. The research put in place for radio listeners delivers useful information for our partners like home ownership (70%) and employment (70%). Radio can prove our listeners have disposal income for music, concert tickets and those $30 artist T-shirts. In fact, the Millenial-heavy radio listeners are 41% more likely to be “swayable shopaholics” than the average person. The heavy listeners are radio’s friends and what we present to them has positive consequences for our partners.
I keep using the term partners because I believe this is why radio is still so viable. Partnerships with artists and record companies. Partnerships with sponsors for remote broadcasts and contesting. I hope Nashville will continue to understand this partnership is important to radio and work with us to get everyone’s share of disposal income. You can believe I will remain an advocate because it is easy to be in favor of something so positive in its results.
(The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of MusicRow.)

Justin Moore And Others Join Charlie Daniels for Christmas 4 Kids Concert

christmas4kidsCharlie Daniels will be joined by Justin Moore, Rodney Atkins, and Phil Vassar at his annual Christmas 4 Kids benefit concert Nov. 25 at the Ryman Auditorium. The charity helps put toys under the tree for kids who otherwise would not have much of a Christmas and has provided smiles around the holidays for hundreds of children each year for over 25 years. Funds generated from the concert and tour bus show/meet and greet event help give over 400 children from 29 different local schools a day-long shopping trip and a brand new winter coat each year.
“Christmas 4 Kids is about helping underprivileged children who might not have much of a Christmas if it weren’t for this organization,” says Daniels. “We’ll be having fun helping to put smiles on a lot of faces this Christmas. Thank you Music City for your support and to our artist friends who come out every year.”
Tickets for the concert are available at christmas4kids.org for $32.50 and $60. Starting Oct. 15, all tickets not sold via the christmas4kids.org website will be available through TicketMaster or the Ryman Auditorium box office.

Weekly Chart Report (10/04/13)

SPIN ZONE

Atlantic/Warner Bros. artist Brett Eldredge (L) recently spent some time on air with KFDI MD Carol Hughes (R) promoting his latest single “Beat Of The Music,” which lands On Deck this week.

Atlantic/Warner Bros. artist Brett Eldredge (L) recently spent some time on air with KFDI MD Carol Hughes (R) promoting his latest single “Beat Of The Music,” which lands On Deck this week.


After spending 17 weeks on MusicRow’s chart, Blake Shelton’s “Mine Would Be You” takes the No. 1 spot with 3363 spins. The Country crooner’s spouse Miranda Lambert is close behind, with her single “All Kinds of Kinds” landing at No. 2. Luke Bryan’s “That’s My Kind of Night” sinks to No. 3, while Taylor Swift’s “Red” holds steady at No. 4. Meanwhile, Eli Young Band’s “Drunk Last Night” breaks the Top 5, jumping to No. 5. Rounding out the Top 10 this week is Eric Paslay’s “Friday Night” at No. 6, Darius Rucker’s “Radio” at No. 7, Jake Owen’s “Days of Gold” at No. 8, The Band Perry’s “Don’t Let Me Be Lonely” at No. 9 and Joe Nichols’ “Sunny and 75” at No. 10.
Keith Urban and Lambert are the greatest gainers for the fourth consecutive week, with their song “We Were Us” shooting to No. 12 with another 502 spins. Meanwhile, Florida Georgia Line’s “Stay” skyrockets to No. 46 with 474 spins in its first week on the chart. The successful duo recently celebrated their success and previewed their upcoming tour for industry members in Nashville. Sara Evans’ “Slow Me Down” climbs to No. 38 with an added 245 spins, while The Band Perry’s “Don’t Let Me Be Lonely” reaches No. 9 with another 241 spins. The band’s Kimberly Perry is far from lonely after her recent engagement to Blue Jays pitcher J.P. Arencibia. Finally, Hunter Hayes and Jason Mraz’s “Everybody’s Got Somebody But Me” leaps to No. 28 with an additional 238 spins.
MusicRow‘s Chart welcomes six debuts this week, with Florida Georgia Line’s “Stay” debuting at No. 46, Hank Williams Jr. & Merle Haggard’s “I Think I’ll Just Stay Here And Drink” at No. 71, Chris Weaver Band’s “Raise The Dead” at No. 72, Jason Sturgeon’s “Angel Eyes” at No. 78, Austin Webb’s “Slip On By” at No. 79 and Laura Bell Bundy’s “Two Step” at No. 80.
Frozen Playlists: KWWR, WAKG, KITX, KYEZ, WKWS
Josh Thompson (Show Dog – Universal), UMG’s Chris Stapleton (UMG) and Easton Corbin, and Frankie Ballard (WMN) joined KNCI Sacramento for their first ever, sold-out Country Uncorked wine and music event. Thompson’s “Cold Beer With Your Name On It” claims our No.  24 spot, while Ballard’s “Helluva Life” takes our No. 41 spot, while Stapleton lands at No. 36. Pictured (L-R): WAR’s Raffaella Braun, Frankie Ballard, KNCI’s Byron Kennedy, Chris Stapleton, KNCI’s Matt Vieira, Josh Thompson, Show Dog-Universal Music’s Lisa Owen, Easton Corbin and Mercury’s Summer Harlow

Josh Thompson (Show Dog – Universal), UMG’s Chris Stapleton (UMG) and Easton Corbin, and Frankie Ballard (WMN) joined KNCI Sacramento for their first ever, sold-out Country Uncorked wine and music event. Thompson’s “Cold Beer With Your Name On It” claims our No. 24 spot, while Ballard’s “Helluva Life” takes our No. 41 spot, while Stapleton lands at No. 36. Pictured (L-R): WAR’s Raffaella Braun, Frankie Ballard, KNCI’s Byron Kennedy, Chris Stapleton, KNCI’s Matt Vieira, Josh Thompson, Show Dog-Universal Music’s Lisa Owen, Easton Corbin and Mercury’s Summer Harlow.


Upcoming Singles
October 7
Leah Turner/Take The Keys/Columbia Nashville
Aaron Watson/July In Cheyenne/HTK Records
Brad Long/Every Heart Has a Different Road/Blackwater Records
Susan Ashton/Moonshine/Be Music & Entertainment
Florida Georgia Line/Stay/Republic Nashville
Josh Pruno/Cut Offs/Lawrence Music Group
October 14
Aaron & Amanda Crabb/If I’m Guilty/differencemedia
Grayson/You & America/Way Outback Records
Old Crow Medicine Show/Dixieland Delight/ATO Records
Dan + Shay/19 You + Me/Warner Bros.-WAR
Rodney Atkins/Doin’ It Right/Curb
Sins Country/Muscadine/Go Time Records
Lady Antebellum/Compass/Capitol Nashville
October 21
Samantha Landrum/What If/Reviver Records
Ty Herndon/Lies I Told Myself/Flying Island
Blackjack Billy/Get Some/Bigger Picture
Jerrod Niemann/Drink To That All Night/Sea Gayle-Arista Nashville
Rachel Farley/Midnight Road/Red Bow
Weston Burt/Smile That Smile/HitShop
October 28
Little River Band/You Dream, I’ll Drive/Frontiers
Mitch Goudy/Blow These Speakers Out/Third Floor Records
New On The Chart—Debuting This Week
Artist/song/label — chart pos.
Florida Georgia Line/Stay/Republic Nashville — 46
Hank Williams Jr. & Merle Haggard/I Think I’ll Just Stay Here And Drink/Blaster — 71
Chris Weaver Band/Raise The Dead/American Roots Records — 72
Jason Sturgeon/Angel Eyes/Toolpusher — 78
Austin Webb/Slip On By/Streamsound — 79
Laura Bell Bundy/Two Step/Big Machine — 80
Most Added
Artist/song/label — New Adds
Florida Georgia Line/Stay/Republic Nashville – 41
Randy Houser/Goodnight Kiss/Stoney Creek – 18
Little Big Town/Sober/Capitol – 16
Lady Antebellum/Compass/Capitol – 15
Sara Evans/Slow Me Down/RCA – 13
Parmalee/Carolina/Stoney Creek Records – 9
Taylor Made/Somewhere Between/Little General Records– 9
Jerrod Niemann/Drink To That All Night/Arista Nashville – 9
Chris Weaver Band/Raise The Dead/American Roots Records – 9
Leah Turner/Take The Keys/Columbia Nashville – 9
Greatest Spin Increase
Artist/song/label — spin+
Keith Urban feat. Miranda Lambert/We Were Us/Capitol Nashville-Hit Red Records — 502
Florida Georgia Line/Stay/Republic Nashville — 474
Sara Evans/Slow Me Down/RCA — 245
The Band Perry/Don’t Let Me Be Lonely/Republic Nashville — 241
Hunter Hayes feat. Jason Mraz/Everybody’s Got Somebody But Me/Atlantic-Warner Bros. — 238
On Deck—Soon To Be Charting
Artist/song/label — spins
Brett Eldredge/Beat Of The Music/Atlantic/Warner Bros. — 177
Lady Antebellum/Compass/Capitol — 175
Kari & Billy/Play Me A Fiddle Song/Kari & Billy — 163
Joe Allen/Looks Like It’s Raining/Stubborn Horse Records — 162
Breelan Angel/Halfway To Wasted/Momentum/MisBhavin’ Records — 161
Charlie Worsham recently performed songs from his album Rubberband for KASE listeners. Pictured (L-R): Bob Picket (MD – KASE), Ray Vaughn (Southwest Regional – Warner Bros./W.A.R.), Charlie Worsham & JT Bosch (PD – KASE)

Charlie Worsham recently performed songs from his album Rubberband for KASE listeners. Pictured (L-R): Bob Picket (MD – KASE), Ray Vaughn (Southwest Regional – Warner Bros./W.A.R.), Charlie Worsham & JT Bosch (PD – KASE).